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We have a nuisance home that is right next door to our home. The owner bought this home at a city tax auction and has let it sit vacant for over 10 years and has not renovated it or even attempted to fix problems that are affecting the connecting homes. The owner has been charged the vacant tax rate by the city for the home, but that doesn’t seem to affect him at all. This house sits in between my house and the house on the corner. We have both tried to contact the owner to see what he plans to do with the home or at least find out when he will address his house’s problems that are affecting our homes. We have received no response from him. We tried to get the city involved, but if he pays the taxes the city doesn’t care. Other than suing the owner, which I am sure will cost time and money on my part, do we have any other recourse? (Note: The property’s address has been removed from the question by PoP.)
Not all problems have easy or speedy solutions, especially if you have to rely solely on governmental authorities to use scarce resources to come to your rescue. Nevertheless, you have taken the right approach by first contacting the property owner and then going to the city when you received no response. If you were informed by someone in the DC government that they cannot do anything as long as the property owner continues to pay his taxes, then I would call back and try to speak to someone else because that is incorrect. This property appears on the vacant property list maintained by DCRA, so they are aware of the property. I would contact them to let them know that you believe this property is insanitary, outline the specific problems you and your neighbors are experiencing, and copy your councilmember on any correspondence. Your local ANC may also be able to help you.
We checked the tax records and this property was formerly taxed at the Class 3 rate because it is vacant. Unfortunately, because the Class 3 rate will only apply to “blighted” properties in Tax Year 2010, it may be even more difficult to get this owner motivated to clean up the property if it is not deemed to be blighted and is taxed at a lower rate going forward. Continues after the jump.
In order for a property to be considered blighted, either DCRA or the Board of Condemnation of Insanitary Buildings must make a determination that the vacant property is unsafe, insanitary or otherwise threatens the public health, safety or general welfare of the community. In reaching this conclusion, those two governmental bodies are allowed to consider the following factors: (i) failure to keep the building openings weather-tight and secured against the entry of birds, vermin and trespassers; (ii) failure to keep the exterior walls free of holes, breaks, graffiti and loose or rotting materials; (iii) failure to keep all balconies, porches, awnings, stairways and appurtenant structures in safe and sound condition; or (iv) the structure is boarded up. This property is currently boarded up, which will help your case. When you contact DCRA, let them know that the house is boarded up and any other circumstances that would persuade them to consider this a blighted property.
Additionally, you might be able to sue your neighbor for creating a private nuisance (a common law tort) if your neighbor’s failure to maintain the house is interfering with your use and enjoyment of your property. However, your neighbor will only be liable if the interference is intentional and unreasonable, which means that there is a certain amount of nuisance that will be considered reasonable. Successful private nuisance cases typically involve the occurrence of extreme noise, light, odor, pest infestation or vibration.
On the bright side, we looked at the tax records for this property and it appears that the owner owes over $33,000.00 in property taxes, so you may have the chance to buy the house in the near future at a tax sale auction or someone else may buy this house and fix it up.
This response was prepared by Mark G. Griffin and Patrick D. Blake of Griffin & Murphy, LLP. The material contained in this response has been prepared for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon as legal advice or as a substitute for a consultation with a qualified attorney. Nothing in this response should be considered as either creating an attorney-client relationship between the reader and Griffin & Murphy, LLP or as rendering of legal advice for any specific matter.